B7-H4 (Protein | Antibody | cDNA Clone | ELISA Kit)

All B7-H4 reagents are produced in house and quality controlled, including 3 B7-H4 Antibody, 28 B7-H4 Gene, 6 B7-H4 Lysate, 9 B7-H4 Protein, 2 B7-H4 qPCR. All B7-H4 reagents are ready to use.

B7-H4 Background

V-set domain-containing T-cell activation inhibitor 1, also known as B7X, B7H4, B7S1, and VTCN1, is a single-pass type? membrane protein belonging to the B7 family of costimulatory proteins. These proteins are expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells and interact with ligands on T lymphocytes. They provide costimulatory signals that regulate T cell responses. A soluble form of B7H4 has also been detected. B7X / VTCN1 / B7H4 negatively regulates T-cell-mediated immune response by inhibiting T-cell activation, proliferation, cytokine production and development of cytotoxicity. When expressed on the cell surface of tumor macrophages, B7X / VTCN1 / B7H4 plays an important role, together with regulatory T-cells(Treg), in the suppression of tumor-associated antigen-specific T-cell immunity. B7X / VTCN1 / B7H4 is also involved in promoting epithelial cell transformation. This membrane protein can be up-regulated by IL6 / interleukin-6 and IL1 / interleukin-1 and inhibited by CSF2 / GM-CSF and IL4 / interleukin-4 on antigen-presenting cells.

B7-H4 References

  • Zang X, et al. (2003) B7x: a widely expressed B7 family member that inhibits T cell activation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 100(18): 10388-92.
  • Suh WK, et al. (2006) Generation and characterization of B7-H4/B7S1/B7x-deficient mice. Mol Cell Biol. 26(17): 6403-11.
  • Zang X, et al. (2007) B7-H3 and B7x are highly expressed in human prostate cancer and associated with disease spread and poor outcome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 104(49):19458-63.
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